APF:Linux下强大的防火墙组件

什么是APF?

APF(Advanced Policy Firewall)是 Rf-x Networks 出品的Linux环境下的软件防火墙,被大部分Linux服务器管理员所采用,使用iptables的规则,易于理解及使用.可算是Linux使用较多的防火墙.APF的配置参数众多,有效利用这些配置参数可加强你的服务器安全,APF应该在每一台Linux服务器中得到应用.

安装APF

1.下载最新的安装包并解压缩,APF项目详细信息.

#cd /usr/local/src
#wget http://www.rfxn.com/downloads/apf-current.tar.gz
#tar -zxf apf-current.tar.gz
#cd apf-9.7-1/

2.执行安装

#sh ./install.sh

结束安装好你会得到一些信息:

...
Installation Details:
Install path:         /etc/apf/
Config path:          /etc/apf/conf.apf
Executable path:      /usr/local/sbin/apf
...

3.进行详细配置

#vi /etc/apf/conf.apf

默认的参数适合大多数场合,按照需要进行修改即可

DEVEL_MODE="1" >> DEVEL_MODE="0"
RAB="0" >> RAB="1"
RAB_PSCAN_LEVEL="2" >> RAB_PSCAN_LEVEL="3"
TCR_PASS="1" >> TCR_PASS="0"
DLIST_PHP="0" >> DLIST_PHP="1"
DLIST_SPAMHAUS="0" >> DLIST_SPAMHAUS="1"
DLIST_DSHIELD="0" >> DLIST_DSHIELD="1"
DLIST_RESERVED="0" >> DLIST_RESERVED="1"

流入端口过滤

# Common ingress (inbound) TCP ports
IG_TCP_CPORTS="20,21,22,25,26,53,80,110,143,443,465,993,995,3306"
# Common ingress (inbound) UDP ports
IG_UDP_CPORTS="21,53,465"

流出端口过滤,虚拟主机推荐开启

# Outbound (egress) filtering
EGF="1"
# Common outbound (egress) TCP ports
EG_TCP_CPORTS="21,22,25,26,37,43,53,80,110,113,443,465,3306"
# Common outbound (egress) UDP ports
EG_UDP_CPORTS="20,21,53,465"

ICMP过滤

# Common ICMP outbound (egress) types
# 'internals/icmp.types' for type definition; 'all' is wildcard for any
EG_ICMP_TYPES="all"

另外还有两个值得注意的设置文件: /etc/apf/allow_hosts.rules 和 /etc/apf/deny_hosts.rules 可设置目标主机的过滤规则.如添加信任主机操作等.

启动APF

#/usr/local/sbin/apf -s

重启APF

#/usr/local/sbin/apf -r

查看运行日志

#tail -f /var/log/apf_log

添加为系统启动

#vi /etc/rc.local

在其中添加 "/usr/local/sbin/apf -s" 即可(不含双引号).

详细参数说明

usage /usr/local/sbin/apf [OPTION]
-s|--start ......................... load all firewall rules
-r|--restart ....................... stop (flush) & reload firewall rules
-f|--stop........ .................. stop (flush) all firewall rules
-l|--list .......................... list all firewall rules
-t|--status ........................ output firewall status log
-e|--refresh ....................... refresh & resolve dns names in trust rules
-a HOST CMT|--allow HOST COMMENT ... add host (IP/FQDN) to allow_hosts.rules and
 immediately load new rule into firewall
-d HOST CMT|--deny HOST COMMENT .... add host (IP/FQDN) to deny_hosts.rules and
 immediately load new rule into firewall
-u|--remove HOST ................... remove host from [glob]*_hosts.rules
 and immediately remove rule from firewall
-o|--ovars ......................... output all configuration options

此外,APF自9.6 (rev:2)版本之后增加了RAB模块.该模块取代了旧版本的antidos模块.可有效减轻拒绝服务攻击带来的影响,但需要iptables的内核模块ipt_recent的支持.如下图我在VPS上启动APF后的屏显,提示RAB模块无法启用.内核模块ipt_recent没有找到.因此建议在内核支持以及iptables模块支持的情况下使用.

APF:Linux下强大的防火墙组件

Faq

Problem: If you get this error apf(xxxxx): {glob} unable to load iptables module (ip_tables), aborting.
Solution: Try changing SET_MONOKERN=”0″ to SET_MONOKERN=”1″ , then apf -r

Problem: If you get this message: apf(xxxxx): {glob} !!DEVELOPMENT MODE ENABLED!! – firewall will flush every 5 minutes.
Solution: you need to change DEVEL_MODE=1 to DEVEL_MODE=0, make sure your config is working first.

 

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  • How to install or Uninstall APF (Advance Policy Firewall) on CentOS | linux系统架构–Linux系统运维工程师工作手册

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