cobbler自动化部署神器安装配置

一:配置好repo仓库,IP地址,

[root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# ll
  total 28
  -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1664 Dec 9 2015 CentOS-Base.repo
  -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1309 Dec 9 2015 CentOS-CR.repo
  -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 649 Dec 9 2015 CentOS-Debuginfo.repo
  -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 290 Dec 9 2015 CentOS-fasttrack.repo
  -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 630 Dec 9 2015 CentOS-Media.repo
  -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1331 Dec 9 2015 CentOS-Sources.repo
  -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1952 Dec 9 2015 CentOS-Vault.repo
  #使用阿里云的epel源
  [root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# wget https://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/epel-7.repo
  Resolving mirrors.aliyun.com (mirrors.aliyun.com)... 115.28.122.210, 112.124.140.210
  Connecting to mirrors.aliyun.com (mirrors.aliyun.com)|115.28.122.210|:443... connected.
  HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
  Length: 1084 (1.1K) [application/octet-stream]
  Saving to: ‘epel-7.repo’
  100%[==========================================================>] 1,084 --.-K/s in 0s
  2017-02-21 09:28:26 (82.2 MB/s) - ‘epel-7.repo’ saved [1084/1084]
  [root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# ls
  CentOS-Base.repo CentOS-CR.repo CentOS-Debuginfo.repo CentOS-fasttrack.repo CentOS-Media.repo CentOS-Sources.repo CentOS-Vault.repo epel-7.repo
  [root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# ip a
  1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN
  link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
  inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
  valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
  inet6 ::1/128 scope host
  valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
  2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
  link/ether 00:0c:29:e6:8c:cc brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
  inet 192.168.56.11/24 brd 192.168.56.255 scope global eth0
  valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
  inet6 fe80::20c:29ff:fee6:8ccc/64 scope link
  valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

二:yum安装cobbler

[root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# yum install httpd dhcp tftp xinetd bind bind-chroot caching-nameserver <a href="https://www.olinux.org.cn/tag/cobbler" title="查看与 cobbler 相关的文章"target="_blank">cobbler</a> cobbler-web python-ctypes

三:关闭防火墙

[root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# systemctl stop firewalld
[root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# chkconfig firewalld off
Note: Forwarding request to 'systemctl disable firewalld.service'.
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.fedoraproject.FirewallD1.service.
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/basic.target.wants/firewalld.service.
[root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# getenforce
Enforcing
[root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# setenforce 0 #临时生效
[root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# getenforce
Permissive
[root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# sestatus
SELinux status: enabled
SELinuxfs mount: /sys/fs/selinux
SELinux root directory: /etc/selinux
Loaded policy name: targeted
Current mode: permissive
Mode from config file: enforcing
Policy MLS status: enabled
Policy deny_unknown status: allowed
Max kernel policy version: 28
#编辑配置文件,把SELINUX修改成disabled,永久生效,需要重启OS
[root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# vim /etc/sysconfig/selinux

四:启动服务并检查

[root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# systemctl start httpd
[root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# systemctl start cobblerd
[root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# systemctl start xinetd
[root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# netstat -lntup
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address State PID/Program name
tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:22 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 1687/sshd
tcp 0 0 127.0.0.1:25 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 2182/master
tcp 0 0 127.0.0.1:25151 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 3985/python2
tcp6 0 0 :::80 :::* LISTEN 3956/httpd
tcp6 0 0 :::22 :::* LISTEN 1687/sshd
tcp6 0 0 ::1:25 :::* LISTEN 2182/master
tcp6 0 0 :::443 :::* LISTEN 3956/httpd

五:配置cobbler,

执行cobbler check命令后,会出现提示,告知需要修改的地方,按照说明修改即可:

[root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# cobbler check
  The following are potential configuration items that you may want to fix:
  1 : The 'server' field in /etc/cobbler/settings must be set to something other than localhost, or kickstarting features will not work. This should be a resolvable hostname or IP for the boot server as reachable by all machines that will use it.
  2 : For PXE to be functional, the 'next_server' field in /etc/cobbler/settings must be set to something other than 127.0.0.1, and should match the IP of the boot server on the PXE network.
  3 : SELinux is enabled. Please review the following wiki page for details on ensuring cobbler works correctly in your SELinux environment:
  https://github.com/cobbler/cobbler/wiki/Selinux
  4 : change 'disable' to 'no' in /etc/xinetd.d/tftp
  5 : some network boot-loaders are missing from /var/lib/cobbler/loaders, you may run 'cobbler get-loaders' to download them, or, if you only want to handle x86/x86_64 netbooting, you may ensure that you have installed a *recent* version of the syslinux package installed and can ignore this message entirely. Files in this directory, should you want to support all architectures, should include pxelinux.0, menu.c32, elilo.efi, and yaboot. The 'cobbler get-loaders' command is the easiest way to resolve these requirements.
  6 : enable and start rsyncd.service with systemctl
  7 : debmirror package is not installed, it will be required to manage debian deployments and repositories
  8 : ksvalidator was not found, install pykickstart
  9 : The default password used by the sample templates for newly installed machines (default_password_crypted in /etc/cobbler/settings) is still set to 'cobbler' and should be changed, try: "openssl passwd -1 -salt 'random-phrase-here' 'your-password-here'" to generate new one
  10 : fencing tools were not found, and are required to use the (optional) power management features. install cman or fence-agents to use them
  Restart cobblerd and then run 'cobbler sync' to apply changes.

5.1 下面开始对上面的步骤提示进行修改,
1、对/etc/cobbler/setting中,修改server行,改成
server: 192.168.56.11
2、修改‘next_server’
next_server: 192.168.56.11
3、关闭selinux,需要重启系统
4、修改tftp,将disable值改为no

  [root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# vim /etc/xinetd.d/tftp
  # default: off
  # description: The tftp server serves files using the trivial file transfer \
  # protocol. The tftp protocol is often used to boot diskless \
  # workstations, download configuration files to network-aware printers, \
  # and to start the installation process for some operating systems.
  service tftp
  {
  socket_type = dgram
  protocol = udp
  wait = yes
  user = root
  server = /usr/sbin/in.tftpd
  server_args = -s /var/lib/tftpboot
  disable = no
  per_source = 11
  cps = 100 2
  flags = IPv4
  }

5、执行命令cobbler get-loaders,他会自动下载相关的启动引导文件

[root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# cobbler get-loaders
  task started: 2017-02-21_101556_get_loaders
  task started (id=Download Bootloader Content, time=Tue Feb 21 10:15:56 2017)
  downloading https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/README to /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/README
  downloading https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/COPYING.elilo to /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/COPYING.elilo
  downloading https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/COPYING.yaboot to /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/COPYING.yaboot
  downloading https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/COPYING.syslinux to /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/COPYING.syslinux
  downloading https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/elilo-3.8-ia64.efi to /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/elilo-ia64.efi
  downloading https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/yaboot-1.3.17 to /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/yaboot
  downloading https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/pxelinux.0-3.86 to /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/pxelinux.0
  downloading https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/menu.c32-3.86 to /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/menu.c32
  downloading https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/grub-0.97-x86.efi to /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/grub-x86.efi
  downloading https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/grub-0.97-x86_64.efi to /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/grub-x86_64.efi
  *** TASK COMPLETE ***

6、启动服务rsyncd.service
systemctl start rsyncd
7、安装pykickstart
yum install pykickstart -y
8、生成新的密码,默认的过于简单,命令:openssl passwd -1 -salt 'random-phrase-here' 'your-password-here'
[root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# openssl passwd -1 -salt '123' '123456'
$1$123$7mft0jKnzzvAdU4t0unTG1
把这个新生成的密钥,写入setting配置文件中的对应位置上
default_password_crypted: "$1$123$7mft0jKnzzvAdU4t0unTG1"
9、安装fence-agents
yum install fence-agents
10、可以不用管它
当然也可以安装这个服务,安装完毕后,需要修改配置文件
wget ftp://rpmfind.net/linux/epel/5/ppc/debmirror-20090807-1.el5.noarch.rpm
yum localinstall debmirror-20090807-1.el5.noarch.rpm
vim /etc/debmirror.conf #将23和25行注释掉
23 #@dists=”sid”;
25 #@arches=”i386″;
上面所有的步骤操作完毕后,重启cobbler,然后执行“cobbler sync”

[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl restart cobblerd
[root@linux-node1 ~]#
[root@linux-node1 ~]#
[root@linux-node1 ~]# cobbler sync
  task started: 2017-02-21_104452_sync
  task started (id=Sync, time=Tue Feb 21 10:44:52 2017)
  running pre-sync triggers
  cleaning trees
  removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/pxelinux.cfg/default
  removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/images
  removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86.efi
  removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86_64.efi
  removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/efidefault
  removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/s390x/profile_list
  copying bootloaders
  trying hardlink /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/pxelinux.0 -&amp;amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/pxelinux.0
  copying: /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/pxelinux.0 -&amp;amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/pxelinux.0
  trying hardlink /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/menu.c32 -&amp;amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/menu.c32
  copying: /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/menu.c32 -&amp;amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/menu.c32
  trying hardlink /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/yaboot -&amp;amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/yaboot
  copying: /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/yaboot -&amp;amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/yaboot
  trying hardlink /usr/share/syslinux/memdisk -&amp;amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/memdisk
  copying: /usr/share/syslinux/memdisk -&amp;amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/memdisk
  trying hardlink /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/grub-x86.efi -&amp;amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86.efi
  trying hardlink /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/grub-x86_64.efi -&amp;amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86_64.efi
  copying distros to tftpboot
  copying images
  generating PXE configuration files
  generating PXE menu structure
  rendering TFTPD files
  generating /etc/xinetd.d/tftp
  cleaning link caches
  running post-sync triggers
  running python triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/sync/post/*
  running python trigger cobbler.modules.sync_post_restart_services
  running shell triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/sync/post/*
  running python triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/change/*
  running python trigger cobbler.modules.scm_track
  running shell triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/change/*
  *** TASK COMPLETE ***
  [root@linux-node1 ~]# cobbler check
  The following are potential configuration items that you may want to fix:
  1 : debmirror package is not installed, it will be required to manage debian deployments and repositories
  Restart cobblerd and then run 'cobbler sync' to apply changes.

六:DHCP配置

我们可以配置cobbler,使用cobber来管理dhcp服务,修改一下配置文件:

[root@linux-node1 ~]# vim /etc/cobbler/settings
  # set to 1 to enable Cobbler's DHCP management features.
  # the choice of DHCP management engine is in /etc/cobbler/modules.conf
  manage_dhcp: 1 #这里从0改成1,启动dhcp管理服务
  [root@linux-node1 cobbler]# ls
  auth.conf cobbler_bash dhcp.template import_rsync_whitelist ldap mongodb.conf power reporting rsync.template settings users.conf version zone_templates
  cheetah_macros completions dnsmasq.template iso modules.conf named.template pxe rsync.exclude secondary.template tftpd.template users.digest zone.template
  [root@linux-node1 cobbler]# vim dhcp.template
  # ******************************************************************
  # Cobbler managed dhcpd.conf file
  #
  # generated from cobbler dhcp.conf template ($date)
  # Do NOT make changes to /etc/dhcpd.conf. Instead, make your changes
  # in /etc/cobbler/dhcp.template, as /etc/dhcpd.conf will be
  # overwritten.
  #
  # ******************************************************************
  ddns-update-style interim;
  allow booting;
  allow bootp;
  ignore client-updates;
  set vendorclass = option vendor-class-identifier;
  option pxe-system-type code 93 = unsigned integer 16;
  subnet 192.168.56.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
  option routers 192.168.56.2;#路由地址
  option domain-name-servers 192.168.56.2;#dns地址
  option subnet-mask 255.255.255.0;
  range dynamic-bootp 192.168.56.100 192.168.56.254;
  default-lease-time 21600;#默认租期时间
  max-lease-time 43200;#最大租期时间
  next-server $next_server;#tftp地址
  class "pxeclients" {
  match if substring (option vendor-class-identifier, 0, 9) = "PXEClient";
  if option pxe-system-type = 00:02 {
  filename "ia64/elilo.efi";
  } else if option pxe-system-type = 00:06 {
  filename "grub/grub-x86.efi";
  } else if option pxe-system-type = 00:07 {
  filename "grub/grub-x86_64.efi";
  } else {
  filename "pxelinux.0";
  }
  }
  }

执行cobbler sync 自动生成dhcp配置文件

  [root@linux-node1 cobbler]# systemctl restart cobblerd
  [root@linux-node1 cobbler]# cobbler sync
  task started: 2017-02-21_105948_sync
  task started (id=Sync, time=Tue Feb 21 10:59:48 2017)
  running pre-sync triggers
  cleaning trees
  removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/pxelinux.cfg/default
  removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/images
  removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86.efi
  removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86_64.efi
  removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/efidefault
  removing: /var/lib/tftpboot/s390x/profile_list
  copying bootloaders
  trying hardlink /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/pxelinux.0 -&amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/pxelinux.0
  copying: /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/pxelinux.0 -&amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/pxelinux.0
  trying hardlink /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/menu.c32 -&amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/menu.c32
  copying: /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/menu.c32 -&amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/menu.c32
  trying hardlink /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/yaboot -&amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/yaboot
  copying: /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/yaboot -&amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/yaboot
  trying hardlink /usr/share/syslinux/memdisk -&amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/memdisk
  copying: /usr/share/syslinux/memdisk -&amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/memdisk
  trying hardlink /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/grub-x86.efi -&amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86.efi
  trying hardlink /var/lib/cobbler/loaders/grub-x86_64.efi -&amp;gt; /var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86_64.efi
  copying distros to tftpboot
  copying images
  generating PXE configuration files
  generating PXE menu structure
  rendering DHCP files
  generating /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf
  rendering TFTPD files
  generating /etc/xinetd.d/tftp
  cleaning link caches
  running post-sync triggers
  running python triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/sync/post/*
  running python trigger cobbler.modules.sync_post_restart_services
  running: dhcpd -t -q
  received on stdout:
  received on stderr:
  running: service dhcpd restart #这里会自动重启dhcp服务
  received on stdout:
  received on stderr: Redirecting to /bin/systemctl restart dhcpd.service
  running shell triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/sync/post/*
  running python triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/change/*
  running python trigger cobbler.modules.scm_track
  running shell triggers from /var/lib/cobbler/triggers/change/*
  *** TASK COMPLETE ***

验证::::

这里查看dhcpd.conf会自动生成相同的配置文件信息

七、导入操作系统
我们使用上传工具,上传一个系统到cobbler文件系统下面,这里使用的C7做为测试
7.1上传os到opt目录下面
[root@linux-node1 opt]# ll -sh
total 4.1G
4.1G -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4.1G Feb 21 11:10 CentOS-7-x86_64-DVD-1511.iso
7.2 导入distro,即导入一个发行版,发行版指的是操作系统

[root@linux-node1 opt]# df -h
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/centos-root 46G 5.6G 41G 13% /
devtmpfs 1.9G 0 1.9G 0% /dev
tmpfs 1.9G 0 1.9G 0% /dev/shm
tmpfs 1.9G 8.6M 1.9G 1% /run
tmpfs 1.9G 0 1.9G 0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/sda1 497M 125M 373M 26% /boot
tmpfs 378M 0 378M 0% /run/user/0
[root@linux-node1 opt]# mount -t iso9660 -o loop /opt/CentOS-7-x86_64-DVD-1511.iso /mnt
mount: /dev/loop0 is write-protected, mounting read-only
[root@linux-node1 opt]# df -h
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/centos-root 46G 5.6G 41G 13% /
devtmpfs 1.9G 0 1.9G 0% /dev
tmpfs 1.9G 0 1.9G 0% /dev/shm
tmpfs 1.9G 8.6M 1.9G 1% /run
tmpfs 1.9G 0 1.9G 0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/sda1 497M 125M 373M 26% /boot
tmpfs 378M 0 378M 0% /run/user/0
/dev/loop0 4.1G 4.1G 0 100% /mnt
[root@linux-node1 ~]# cobbler import --path=/mnt/ --name=c7.2-x86_64 --arch=x86_64
task started: 2017-02-21_134843_import
task started (id=Media import, time=Tue Feb 21 13:48:43 2017)
Found a candidate signature: breed=redhat, version=rhel6
Found a candidate signature: breed=redhat, version=rhel7
Found a matching signature: breed=redhat, version=rhel7
Adding distros from path /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/c7.2-x86_64:
creating new distro: c7.2-x86_64
trying symlink: /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/c7.2-x86_64 -&amp;gt; /var/www/cobbler/links/c7.2-x86_64
creating new profile: c7.2-x86_64
associating repos
checking for rsync repo(s)
checking for rhn repo(s)
checking for yum repo(s)
starting descent into /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/c7.2-x86_64 for c7.2-x86_64
processing repo at : /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/c7.2-x86_64
need to process repo/comps: /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/c7.2-x86_64
looking for /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/c7.2-x86_64/repodata/*comps*.xml
error launching createrepo (not installed?), ignoring
Exception occured: &amp;lt;type 'exceptions.IOError'&amp;gt;
Exception value: [Errno 2] No such file or directory: '/var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/config/c7.2-x86_64.repo'
Exception Info:
File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/cobbler/modules/manage_import_signatures.py", line 599, in yum_process_comps_file
config_file = open(fname, "w+")
*** TASK COMPLETE ***
[root@linux-node1 ~]# ll /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/c7.2-x86_64/
total 296
-r--r--r-- 1 root root 14 Dec 9 2015 CentOS_BuildTag
dr-xr-xr-x 3 root root 33 Dec 9 2015 EFI
-r--r--r-- 1 root root 215 Dec 9 2015 EULA
-r--r--r-- 1 root root 18009 Dec 9 2015 GPL
dr-xr-xr-x 3 root root 54 Dec 9 2015 images
dr-xr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 9 2015 isolinux
dr-xr-xr-x 2 root root 41 Dec 9 2015 LiveOS
dr-xr-xr-x 2 root root 204800 Dec 9 2015 Packages
dr-xr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 9 2015 repodata
-r--r--r-- 1 root root 1690 Dec 9 2015 RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
-r--r--r-- 1 root root 1690 Dec 9 2015 RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-Testing-7
-r--r--r-- 1 root root 2883 Dec 9 2015 TRANS.TBL

7.3 指定profile,在导入发行版的时候可以通过–kickstart=KICKSTART_FILE指定profile文件,如果没有指定,可以在后期重新指定,需要将profile文件提前准备好,最好放在/var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts,因为这是cobbler默认的ks文件路径,如下:

#查看默认使用的ks文件,默认使用的是sample_end.ks
[root@linux-node1 kickstarts]# cobbler profile report
Name : c7.2-x86_64
TFTP Boot Files : {}
Comment :
DHCP Tag : default
Distribution : c7.2-x86_64
Enable gPXE? : 0
Enable PXE Menu? : 1
Fetchable Files : {}
Kernel Options : {}
Kernel Options (Post Install) : {}
Kickstart : /var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/sample_end.ks
Kickstart Metadata : {}
Management Classes : []
Management Parameters : &amp;lt;&amp;lt;inherit&amp;gt;&amp;gt;
Name Servers : []
Name Servers Search Path : []
Owners : ['admin']
Parent Profile :
Internal proxy :
Red Hat Management Key : &amp;lt;&amp;lt;inherit&amp;gt;&amp;gt;
Red Hat Management Server : &amp;lt;&amp;lt;inherit&amp;gt;&amp;gt;
Repos : []
Server Override : &amp;lt;&amp;lt;inherit&amp;gt;&amp;gt;
Template Files : {}
Virt Auto Boot : 1
Virt Bridge : xenbr0
Virt CPUs : 1
Virt Disk Driver Type : raw
Virt File Size(GB) : 5
Virt Path :
Virt RAM (MB) : 512
Virt Type : kvm
#上传一个自己写好的ks文件,并写入到profile文件配置里面
[root@linux-node1 kickstarts]# pwd
/var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts
[root@linux-node1 kickstarts]# ll
total 56
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1519 Feb 21 13:59 CentOS-7.1-x86_64_cobbler.cfg
[root@linux-node1 kickstarts]# cobbler profile edit --name=c7.2-x86_64 --kickstart=/var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/CentOS-7.1-x86_64_cobbler.cfg
[root@linux-node1 kickstarts]# cobbler profile report
Name : c7.2-x86_64
TFTP Boot Files : {}
Comment :
DHCP Tag : default
Distribution : c7.2-x86_64
Enable gPXE? : 0
Enable PXE Menu? : 1
Fetchable Files : {}
Kernel Options : {}
Kernel Options (Post Install) : {}
Kickstart : /var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/CentOS-7.1-x86_64_cobbler.cfg
Kickstart Metadata : {}
Management Classes : []
Management Parameters : &amp;lt;&amp;lt;inherit&amp;gt;&amp;gt;
Name Servers : []
Name Servers Search Path : []
Owners : ['admin']
Parent Profile :
Internal proxy :
Red Hat Management Key : &amp;lt;&amp;lt;inherit&amp;gt;&amp;gt;
Red Hat Management Server : &amp;lt;&amp;lt;inherit&amp;gt;&amp;gt;
Repos : []
Server Override : &amp;lt;&amp;lt;inherit&amp;gt;&amp;gt;
Template Files : {}
Virt Auto Boot : 1
Virt Bridge : xenbr0
Virt CPUs : 1
Virt Disk Driver Type : raw
Virt File Size(GB) : 5
Virt Path :
Virt RAM (MB) : 512
Virt Type : kvm
#修改内核配置
[root@linux-node1 kickstarts]# cobbler profile edit --name=c7.2-x86_64 --kopts='net.ifnames=0 biosdevname=0'
[root@linux-node1 kickstarts]# cobbler profile report
Name : c7.2-x86_64
TFTP Boot Files : {}
Comment :
DHCP Tag : default
Distribution : c7.2-x86_64
Enable gPXE? : 0
Enable PXE Menu? : 1
Fetchable Files : {}
Kernel Options : {'biosdevname': '0', 'net.ifnames': '0'}
Kernel Options (Post Install) : {}
Kickstart : /var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/CentOS-7.1-x86_64_cobbler.cfg
Kickstart Metadata : {}
Management Classes : []
Management Parameters : &amp;lt;&amp;lt;inherit&amp;gt;&amp;gt;
Name Servers : []
Name Servers Search Path : []
Owners : ['admin']
Parent Profile :
Internal proxy :
Red Hat Management Key : &amp;lt;&amp;lt;inherit&amp;gt;&amp;gt;
Red Hat Management Server : &amp;lt;&amp;lt;inherit&amp;gt;&amp;gt;
Repos : []
Server Override : &amp;lt;&amp;lt;inherit&amp;gt;&amp;gt;
Template Files : {}
Virt Auto Boot : 1
Virt Bridge : xenbr0
Virt CPUs : 1
Virt Disk Driver Type : raw
Virt File Size(GB) : 5
Virt Path :
Virt RAM (MB) : 512
Virt Type : kvm
#更改登录界面内容
[root@linux-node1 kickstarts]# vim /etc/cobbler/pxe/pxedefault.template
DEFAULT menu
PROMPT 0
MENU TITLE Cobbler | http://cobbler.github.io/
TIMEOUT 200
TOTALTIMEOUT 6000
ONTIMEOUT $pxe_timeout_profile
LABEL local
MENU LABEL (local)
MENU DEFAULT
LOCALBOOT -1
$pxe_menu_items
MENU end

到此安装完毕

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